Lesson 1

A Little Sketch of Islamic History

Islamic History

  • G. Endress, Islam: An Historical Introduction 1988


  • 570 CE – Birth of Muhammad
  • 610 CE – Muhammad’s call to be the Seal of the Prophet on Mount Hira, the beginning of Revelation of the Qur’an
  • 622 CE — Prophet’s Hijrah from Makkah (Mecca) to Madina (Medina)
  • 624 CE – Battle of Badr
  • 630 CE – Muhammad’s conquest of Makkah and rededication of the Ka’ba to monotheistic worship
  • 632 CE – Death of Muhammad
  • 632-661 CE – Period of the “Rightly Guided Caliphs” (Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali)
  • 661 CE – Assassination of Ali and the rise of the Umayyad Dynasty
  • 750 CE – Fall of the Umayyads and rise of the Abbasid Dynasty
  • 1258 CE – The Mongol conquest causes the fall of the Abbasid Dynasty
  • 1492 CE – End of the Period of Umayayad rule of Spain. Spain conquered by Christians

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